verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- [trabajo/estudio] to finish ¿has terminado el libro que te presté? have you finished the book I lent you? no han terminado las obras they haven't finished o/or completed the work terminó el viaje en La Paz he ended his journey in La Paz, his journey finished in La Paz terminó sus días en Sicilia he ended his days in Sicily dieron por terminada la sesión they brought the session to a close este año no pudimos terminar el programa we didn't manage to get through o finish o complete the syllabus this year termina esa sopa inmediatamente finish up that soup at once puedes terminarlo, nosotros ya comimos you can finish it off, we've already had some terminala/termínenla (Río de la Plata/River Plate area) [familiar/colloquial] stop it!, cut it out! [familiar/colloquial]
verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 1 [persona] 1.1 (de hacer algo) to finish termina de una vez hurry up and finish terminar
de+ infinitivo/infinitiveto finish -ingestoy terminando de leerlo I'm reading the last few pages, I'm coming to the end of it, I've nearly finished reading it déjame terminar de hablar let me finish (speaking) salió nada más terminar de comer he went out as soon as he'd finished eating 1.2 (en un estado, una situación) to end up terminé muy cansada I ended up feeling very tired va a terminar mal he's going to come to a bad endterminar dealgo terminó de camarero en Miami he ended up (working) as a waiter in Miami terminar + gerundio/gerundorterminar por+ infinitivo/infinitiveto end up -ingterminará aceptando or por aceptar la oferta she'll end up accepting the offer, she'll accept the offer in the end
- 2 2.1 [reunión/situación] to end, come to an end al terminar la clase when the class ended, at the end of the class llegamos cuando todo había terminado we arrived when it was all over el caso terminó en los tribunales the case ended up in court esto va a terminar mal this is going to turn out o/or end badly la historia termina bien the story has a happy ending las huellas terminan aquí the tracks end o/or stop here y para terminar nos sirvieron un excelente coñac and to finish we had an excellent brandy 2.2 (rematar) terminar
enalgo to end insth palabras que terminan en consonante words that end in a consonant zapatos terminados en punta pointed shoes o/or shoes with pointed toes
- 3terminar con 3.1 (agotar, acabar) terminaron con todo lo que había en la nevera they polished off everything in the fridge terminó con su salud it ruined his health ocho años de cárcel terminaron con él eight years in prison destroyed him una solución que termine con el problema a solution that will put an end to the problem 3.2 (pelearse) terminar
conalgn to finish withsb ha terminado con el novio she's finished with o/or split up with her boyfriend
verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (terminarse)
- 1 [azúcar/pan] to run out el café se ha terminado we've run out of coffee, the coffee's run out (+ me/te/le etc) se me terminó la lana azul I've run out of blue wool se nos han terminado, señora we've run out (of them), madam o/or we've sold out, madam
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.