Key to pronunciations (US English dictionary)

A simple respelling system is used to show how entries are pronounced.

The letters b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, and z have their usual English values.

Other symbols are used as follows:

Consonants

respelling symbol

 

Example

g

as in

get  

CH

 

chip 

j

 

jar 

KH

 

loch

NG

 

ring

TH

 

thin

TH

 

this

SH

 

she

ZH

 

decision

y

 

yes

(h)w

 

when

Vowels

respelling symbol

 

Example

a

as in

cat

e

 

bed

ə

 

ago, run, person

i

 

sit, cos

i

 

cosy

ä

 

hot, arm

 

put, poor

e(ə)r

 

hair

ē

 

see

ô

 

saw

 

too

ī

 

my

ou

 

how

ā

 

day

ō

 

no

i(ə)r

 

near

oi

 

boy

     

œ (foreign)

as in 

Goethe, French boeuf

ʏ (foreign)

 

Utrecht, French rue.

N (foreign)

 

Does not represent a separate sound; it indicates that the preceding vowel is nasalised, as in French bon.

 

In polysyllabic words the symbol ˈ is used to show that the following syllable is stressed, as in cabal /kəˈbäl/.
The symbol ˌ indicates a secondary stress, as in collocation /ˌkäləˈkāSHən/.


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